Known for the captivating diversity of terroir, Burgundy is the home of the world’s finest Pinot Noirs and Chardonnays, leading the fine wine market in recent years.
Trade share by value
Évolution des prix sur 5 ans
Number of distinct wines traded
9 820 viticulteurs
Nombre de domaines viticoles
27 200 ha
Surface plantée dans la région
Bouteilles produites par an
2 083 heures
Ensoleillement (moyenne annuelle)
Internationally renowned for its balanced acidity and mineral notes, Chablis is the purest expression of Chardonnay. Situated between Paris and Dijon, Chablis has a unique and diversified terroir: semi-continental climate, with the influence of the Serein River. The Kimmeridge Clay is the key component of the soil in Chablis, offering a nice flinty minerality to the wines. Chablis consists of four appellations: the petit Chablis, around 1000 hectares planted on the plateau; Chablis, covering most of the region; Chablis Premier Cru, vineyards with a better aspect; Chablis Grand Cru, encompassing only 100 hectares of the region’s best vineyards, with the optimal aspect and location.
Chablis Premier Cru
Chablis Grand Cru
From Dijon to Beaune with a narrow vineyard area stretching 20 km from the north to south, Côte de Nuits is the paradise of Pinot Noir. With most of the Grand Crus of Burgundy in this region, Côte de Nuits produces some of the world’s most sought-after wines: Chambertin, Romanee Conti, Richebourg. The vines are cultivated on the plateau, facing the east or southeast, with sterile soil composed of brown limestone, clay and marl, which gives wines great complexity and intensity. The subtle difference in microclimate and soil composition, making each village, each climat its unique identity in style.
Jean-Charles de la Moriniere
De Vogüé family
Boisset Group/Artemis Group
Located in the south part of Côte d’Or, Côte de Beaune is where the greatest white Burgundy shares the exceptional terroir with some superb reds, featuring the famous Montrachet Grand Crus, along with Volnay and Pommard. Extending over 30 km long like a narrow belt at an altitude of 300 to 450 meters, the vineyard of Côte de Beaune is located on the eastern slope, facing the Saône valley in the north-south direction. Similar to Côte de Nuits, the terroir of the village and the climat brings unique characteristics to wines, expressing the complexity and finesse of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.
Between the Côte de Beaune and the Mâconnais, the Côte Chalonnaise stretches the vineyard over 25 km. In the heart of landscapes highlighted by the hills, the vines are cultivated on the slopes facing southeast. Enjoying hot summers and dry falls, the grapes reach optimal ripeness easily, offering succulent fruitiness in red and the delicate fruity floral notes in white. The five villages of Bouzeron, Givry, Mercurey, Montagny and Rully produce white with Aligoté and the sparkling wine Crémant de Bourgogne. The short of Grand Cru does not mask the charm of Côte Chalonnaise, the picturesque landscape and the delicious wines always make it an attraction for wine lovers.
As the southernmost Burgundy region, the vineyard of Mâconnais extends over 35 km long, with two rivers by the side, the Grosne in the west, and the Saône in the east. Compared with other regions in Burgundy, the climate of Mâconnais shows less continental influence. Chardonnay as the ubiquitous grape in the region represents the southernmost expression of Burgundy white. Pinot Noir, on the other hand, grows alongside Gamay in Mâconnais. Being a relatively larger region in Burgundy, the terroir of Mâconnais seems to be fragmented. Various types of clay-limestone appear here, making the wines diversified in style. There are five village appellations in Mâconnais: Pouilly-Fuissé, Pouilly-Vinzelles, Pouilly-Loché, Saint-Véran and Viré-Clessé.
Mâcon et mâcon-villages
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